Characteristics of the group define the basics of a group to call a group as a group. Understanding of group is easy when you explain the characteristics of a group. A thorough understanding of each characteristic makes you differentiate between a group and mobs, crowd, audience, spectators.
Lets study the characteristics of groups one by one
- Group has a size
size of the group is the basic feature of the group otherwise it becomes an individual. To call a group a group, you need a minimum of 2 members in the group. A good example is a couple (husband and wife) and it is also an example of a primary group. There are also big-sized groups like a political party. But other factors also matter since we do not call mobs, the crowd as groups
2. Group has a continuos interaction
Continuous interaction is another feature or characteristic to call a group a group. Man cannot live in isolation without any interaction with other people. Through continuous interaction, he will be in touch with other people. Sharing of feelings happens only through interaction. Both positive and negative changes happen only there is a continuous interaction. Correction of mistakes will be done through training, coaching, and counseling with a definite pattern of interaction. We witness both formal and informal interactions in a group. Stress and anxiety are also a result of unpleasant interactions between the members of the group.
3. Group is Stable
The group is stable for a certain and long period of time. Mobs, crowd, audience, spectators, etc are not stable. They scatter within a short period of time. The intimacy amongst the members of the group lasts for a long time making the group stable. Interaction and we-feeling make the group more stable.
4. Members of the group always show we-feeling
As the group develops, continuous interaction also develops. We- feeling is a result of continuous interaction. Bonding Facilitates we-feeling. We feeling is belongingness among the members of the group. We-feeling develops a positive relationship, love, and affection between the members of a group. When the we-feeling is strong, definitely cooperation is strong among the members of the group.
5. Development of sense of identity
Identity shows the affiliation of group members towards that group. Identity develops a sense of psychological safety and support for the members. It also develops a sense of pride to relate himself/herself towards that group. Group is a reference point to show identity.
6. Impact on Personality
A group may be described as a collection of people who have an impact on one another. Individuals are not a group unless they influence and are influenced by one another. Social groups influence the personalities of their members directly or indirectly.
7. Group Norms
Every group has its own set of rules or standards that members must adhere to. Customs, folkways, mores, traditions, and laws, for example, are examples of norms. Norms and standards can be written or unwritten. Every group has its own set of norms and methods for disciplining or correcting individuals who break them. Without some rules, man’s ongoing group existence becomes nearly impossible.
8. Common Interests
Groups have shared interests and ideals. The majority of groups are founded or organised to pursue certain goals. The composition of the groups varies based on the group’s mutual interests. As aresult, there are political, religious, and economic groupings.
9. Collection of Individuals
Social Groups always have the membership of people . There can be no groups without people.
10. Behaviour will be Similar
For the sake of pursuing shared goals, group members operate in a more or less identical manner. Collective behaviour is representation of Social Groups.
11. Solidarity and Unity in the Group
A sense of belonging binds the members of a group. The Solidarity and Unity of a group’s interaction is primarily determined by the frequency, variety, and emotional quality of its members’ interactions.
Every group has its own goals on which it works. People or members always join a group to achieve their goals which is through groups. A group may be described as a group of people who work together to achieve a common purpose.
13. Motivation by members
A group may be described as a group of people who are all striving to meet some personal need through their shared association. Individuals are not a group unless they are driven to be a part of one for personal reasons.