Social Structure – Meaning, Status and Roles

Social Structure

Social structure refers to the organized patterns of social relationships and institutions within a society. It includes the various social groups, institutions, and organizations that make up a society, as well as the roles and statuses that individuals occupy within those groups and institutions.


Status refers to an individual’s social position or standing within a particular group or society. It can be achieved through individual effort or inherited through birth, and it can be positive or negative in nature. For example, a doctor, teacher, or politician may hold a higher status in society than a manual laborer or a homeless person.


Roles, on the other hand, refer to the set of behaviors, duties, and expectations associated with a particular status. They are the expected behaviors and obligations that come with occupying a particular position in society. For example, a doctor’s role may include diagnosing and treating patients, while a teacher’s role may include educating and mentoring students.

The combination of status and role creates a social identity for individuals, which influences their behavior, attitudes, and beliefs. The social structure of a society determines the distribution of status and roles among its members, and it shapes the relationships and interactions between individuals and groups within that society.

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