Approaches to Organizational Behaviour

There are 4 main approaches to Organizational Behaviour

  1. Human Resource Approach
  2. Contingency Approach
  3. Productivity Approach
  4. System Approach
  1. Human Resource Approach

Employees are highly valued resources in any organization. They should be recognized. Employees’ growth and development should be emphasized so that they can reach their best levels of skills, competencies, creativity and satisfaction. These are focused under the Human Resource Approach. employees become better, handle more responsibilities ultimately contributing to a better environment. This method is also called as “Supportive Method” since manager’s role is to support the growth and success of employees instead of managing them.

2. Contingency Approach

In the past one standardized technique which was also traditional was used for every situation. Whereas in Contingency Approach, different behavioural approaches are used for different situations for more productivity. Here in this approach, every situation must be carefully reviewed and major variables are identified. Finally, best practices are decided those will fit into situations. A thorough examination of each situation before deciding the action is the core strength of this approach. Existing knowledge of every employee is easily used for the development of the organization.

3. Productivity Approach

We explain productivity by comparing the ratio of output units with input units. The frequent measure is economic inputs and outputs. Productivity improves when more outputs can be generated from the same number of inputs. Human and Social inputs and outputs are also important along with economic inputs and outputs.

4. System Approach

A group of interconnected units that perform together is called a system. In any organization ’employees’ harness ‘technology’ to perform ‘tasks’ and these tasks are assigned to them. An ‘organizational structure’ is the base that coordinates all these tasks. This approach emphasizes the interconnection of these units within the organization to function smoothly. The interface between the organization and the adjacent larger environment is the key here. A larger environment includes social, economic, and political environments.

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Categories: OB & OD

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