Month: January 2022

Approaches to Organizational Behaviour

There are 4 main approaches to Organizational Behaviour

  1. Human Resource Approach
  2. Contingency Approach
  3. Productivity Approach
  4. System Approach
  1. Human Resource Approach

Employees are highly valued resources in any organization. They should be recognized. Employees’ growth and development should be emphasized so that they can reach their best levels of skills, competencies, creativity and satisfaction. These are focused under the Human Resource Approach. employees become better, handle more responsibilities ultimately contributing to a better environment. This method is also called as “Supportive Method” since manager’s role is to support the growth and success of employees instead of managing them.

2. Contingency Approach

In the past one standardized technique which was also traditional was used for every situation. Whereas in Contingency Approach, different behavioural approaches are used for different situations for more productivity. Here in this approach, every situation must be carefully reviewed and major variables are identified. Finally, best practices are decided those will fit into situations. A thorough examination of each situation before deciding the action is the core strength of this approach. Existing knowledge of every employee is easily used for the development of the organization.

3. Productivity Approach

We explain productivity by comparing the ratio of output units with input units. The frequent measure is economic inputs and outputs. Productivity improves when more outputs can be generated from the same number of inputs. Human and Social inputs and outputs are also important along with economic inputs and outputs.

4. System Approach

A group of interconnected units that perform together is called a system. In any organization ’employees’ harness ‘technology’ to perform ‘tasks’ and these tasks are assigned to them. An ‘organizational structure’ is the base that coordinates all these tasks. This approach emphasizes the interconnection of these units within the organization to function smoothly. The interface between the organization and the adjacent larger environment is the key here. A larger environment includes social, economic, and political environments.

Categories: OB & OD

Definitions of Organizational Behaviour

Different authors have defined Organizational Behaviour. Some of the definitions given by prominent authors are as follows.

The study of human behaviour in organisational settings, the interaction between human behaviour and the organisation, and the organisation itself is known as organisational behaviour.

According to L. M. Prasad

“Organisational behaviour can be defined as the study and application of knowledge about human behaviour related to other elements of an organisation such as structure, technology and social systems.”

The author explains that human behaviour should be studied and this knowledge is applied to know its relationship with other domains of the organization such its structure, what technology it is using and the social system it is surrounded by.

According to Fred Luthans

Image Courtesy: Google Images

“Organisational behaviour is directly concerned with the understanding production and control of human behaviour in organization”.

This definition relates how human behaviour in an organization has a significant impact on the production in an organization. Off course the behaviour builds a good organizational environment and organizational environment. Top-to-bottom, bottom-to-top, and horizontal communication definitely built by organizational behaviour which in turn cultivates an acceptable discipline. This increases the productivity and lessens the accidents in an organization.

Stephen P. Robbins states as

Image Courtesy: Google Images

“Organizational Behaviour studies the impact that individuals, groups and structure have on behaviour within organization for the purpose applying such knowledge toward improving n organizations effectiveness.”

How a person, a group and an organizational structure have consequences on the behaviour of an individual within the organization will be studied under Organizational Behaviour. This knowledge will be applied to increase the productivity of an organization

Happy Makara Sankranthi

Gangu Academy wishes you a happy Makara Sankranthi, a festival of happiness and harvest. Sankranthi is the harvest festival, during which farmers celebrate the season’s harvest.

Makara Sankranthi is grandly celebrated in Nepal also. People welcome the arrival of Spring Season. When the sun enters the zodiac sign Makara, it is known as Sankramana (Capricorn). The auspicious period of Uttarayana begins on the celebration day. It is traditionally observed in January (14th-15th).

People wear new clothes and special puja will be performed to Sun God.

Distributing ‘Ellu Bella’ and talking sweetly is the tradition of Makara Sankranthi. 

‘Kichchu Hayuvudu’ is one of the oldest traditions in the villages of Karnataka.

In the rural areas, people decorate their Bullock Carts and Cows. 

Kite Flying is the beauty of this festival and delicious Pongal is special. Sweet rice is also prepared for the festival.

Names of Makara Sankranthi in different regions of India


Magh Bihu

Andhra Pradesh

Pedda Panduga

North India

Magh Mela

Central India


Karnatak, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana

Makara Sankranthi


Makara Villaku



West Bengal

Poush Sankranthi



Himachal Pradesh

Maghe Saaji


Maghi Sangrand



Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh



Dahi Chura

Uttar Pradesh

Kichidi Sankranthi




Shishur Sankraath

Names of Makara Sankranthi in different countries in the world




Maghe Sankranti






Mohan Songkran

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